The 3rd World Congress on Oil, Gas and Petro Chemistry is one of the major petroleum conferences that are happening, this year. Petroleum engineering is a scientific discipline that has existed for the past century. During this period, the science has been through several evolutions, all in accordance with advances in drilling and fuel extraction techniques. The industry has had to respond to swings in economic fortunes, the prevailing political climate and the development of products that require petro chemical-based raw materials as their base. The industry has also created numerous occupations.
Never have there been so many exciting careers in the petroleum engineering business, from geo scientists working to pinpoint underground reserves of oil and gas, to scientists developing new products. An example of this dynamic background is the plastics' industry, which owes its existence to the availability of petro chemical materials. Product innovators and designers have responded by making an ever-wider array of plastic-based products available to consumers, items without which the modern world is unimaginable. Computers and telephones are obvious products here, but we owe our lives to medical advances that would not have been possible without research equipment made of petro chemical raw materials, for example, plastics.
No sign exists of this demand abating. Today, entire building systems depend upon petro chemical materials for completion, for example, those requiring PVC. Household items, like fiberglass swimming pools, domestic heating systems and even computer printing techniques require materials that are dependent upon the petro chemical industry. Burgeoning also are sustainable energy plants, designed to reduce the use of petro chemicals. With third-generation photo voltaic panels employing polymer materials„ which have replaced the more expensive crystalline silicone and perovskite, it is an irony that technology developed to reduce carbon emissions should be reliant upon the petro engineering industry.
Because this latest generation photo voltaic technology is manufactured from elements that are abundant, the advantages of developing the systems are obvious. Not only has the cost of photo voltaic modules fallen 6o% since zoo 8, so has the pay-back time in terms of the energy units used in manufacturing, installing, and operating arrays of modules for households and other customers. It is therefore incumbent that delegates at petro chemistry events work to maximize the potential of fuel extractions and minimize carbon emissions.
More than ever, the petro industry needs drilling techniques that will allow maximum extraction of fuel from oil reserves in rock and shale. Known as enhanced recovery, these methods include steam injection, fire flooding and carbon dioxide flooding. Other challenges for the petro engineering industry include the increasing competition from biofuel companies. In existence since the-1940s, many hundreds of these companies are now making biodiesel from the growth of plants, typically algae. Until now, the petro chemical industry did riot face serious competition from companies that had limited scope for expansion. For instance, the production of biodiesel from algae involves exposing the plant to sunlight, a process that requires much surface area. At present, the most abundant and accessible of fuels lie underground.
However, even this situation may change. With the advent of space travel and experimentation, biofuel companies may be able to move their production to the limitless sunshine of outer space. These issues explain why we need to discuss the future challenges of the industry at petroleum meetings, such as The 3rd World Congress on Oil, Gas and Petro Chemistry.